... i am poor and needy, the LORD hears my prayer ...
The Wealth of the Nations - Adam Smith 1776  

From The Wealth of the Nations (1776):

  "By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was not part of it. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it. I have never known much good done by those who affected to trade for the public good. It is an affectation, indeed, not very common among merchants, and very few words need be employed in dissuading them from it."
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism -
Max Weber 1905 original 1930 in English

From The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905 - 1930 En):

  "It is thought of so purely as an end in itself, that from the point of view of the happiness of, or utility to, the single individual, it appears entirely transcendental and absolutely irrational. Man is dominated by the making of money, by acquisition as the ultimate purpose of his life. Economic acquisition is no longer subordinated to man as the means for the satisfaction of his material needs. This reversal of what we should call the natural relationship, so irrational from a na├»ve point of view, is evidently as definitely a leading principle of capitalism as it is foreign to all peoples not under capitalistic influence."
Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, a historical study -
R. H. Tawney 1926

From Religion and the Rise of Capitalism (1926):

  "A society which reverences the attainment of riches as the supreme felicity will naturally be disposed to regard the poor as damned in the next world, if only to justify itself for making their life a hell in this."

The Revelation of St. John the Divine, an Interpretation

Alfred H. Ames 1897


From The Revelation of St. John the Divine, an Interpretation (1897):

"Babylon was a theocracy, but the god who ruled it was the prince of darkness, not Jehovah. The Church governed the State, but the Church was one that incarnated the spirit of worldly-mindedness, not heavenly-mindedness. So that, in an altogether peculiar and special sense, it was the rival and counterfeit of the true Church of God, giving exercise to the religious instincts of men sufficient to satisfy conviction and quiet conscience while debasing them by turning them into the channels of lust and sensual gratification." (pg. 180)

Ames, Alfred H. The Revelation of St. John the Divine; an interpretation. New York; Cincinnati: Eaton & Mains, Curts & Jennings, 1897


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