… the most powerful man in the world …

The Beast had a loud mouth, boastful and blasphemous. It could do anything it wanted for forty-two months. It yelled blasphemies against God, blasphemed his Name, blasphemed his Church, especially those already dwelling with God in Heaven.

Revelation 13:5–6

… America is a gun …

.. early in the morning on the 216th day of the year, another gun rang out and the 251st mass murder of the year took place in the land that is known around the world for it’s love of guns.

.. it is still being somewhat overshadowed by the 250th mass murder, the 8th most deadly mass shooting, that took place 13 hours before.

.. the US of A accounts for 34% of all weapons exported around the world and there are 120.5 guns for ever 100 Americans.

.. is it any wonder the world says America is a Gun?

.. is America the new Sodom?

.. because that is what violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men do. they rape, pillage and steal – take what they want from whomever they want, they fear no man or God and they don’t feel they have to answer to anyone.

Likewise, just as it was in the days of Lot—they were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building, but on the day when Lot went out from Sodom, fire and sulfur rained from heaven and destroyed them all— so will it be on the day when the Son of Man is revealed.

Luke 17:28–30

… let’s start with some basics about language. the first thing we MUST realize, is that language changes over time. words change over time. i am just over a half a century old and many common uses of words have changed over my lifetime. words are added. words fall out of use. do you think Henry Ford knew what google means?

…for instance, what does “bad” mean today?

… if i say to you, “that peach is bad,” what information have i just conveyed to you? did i tell you that it is soft and rotten? or am i telling you that it is one of the best tasting peaches i have ever had in my life?

… if i ask you, “who is a sodomite?”, you would probably answer, “a homosexual.”

… if i ask you, “who is an israelite?”, you would probably answer, “someone from Israel.”

… now, if i ask you again, “who is a sodomite?”, you might dare to answer, “someone from Sodom”, and now we know what the word actually means as it is used in Genesis 19:4 where it says;

But before they went to sleep, the men of the city, the Sodomites, compassed the house, both young and old, all the people together.

Genesis 19:4

… so, how did we get from “the men of the city of Sodom” to “homosexuals”?

.. in order to answer that question, we have to go back in history to somewhere around 1911 BC/BCE where archeologists say there is evidence that several kings invaded the town of Sodom. they believe Sodom was destroyed 11 yrs later. just think about that – that’s almost 4,000 yrs ago.

… in the book of Genesis, which they believe was written around 1446 BC/BCE, some 465 yrs after the invasion of Sodom, we are told that when Abraham left his father, his nephew Lot went with him. when they both had gained large herds of animals, the split up so that their herdsmen would not fight. Abraham allows Lot to choose which way he wants to go. he goes towards the town of Sodom. and we are told;

And Lot dwelt in a city of the neighbouring people, and pitched his tent in Sodom. But the men of Sodom were evil, and exceedingly sinful before God.

Genesis 13:12–13

.. the men of Sodom were evil, and exceedingly sinful ..

… in the Greek text of the LXX it says, “οἱ δὲ ἄνθρωποι οἱ ἐν Σοδομοις πονηροὶ καὶ ἁμαρτωλοὶ ἐναντίον τοῦ θεοῦ σφόδρα.” Genesis 13:13 .. the word σφόδρα (sphodra) is an adverb, which means a very high point on a scale of extent, very (much), extremely, greatly (in many contexts with reference to vehemence or violence), which modifies the words πονηροὶ (poneroy) and ἁμαρτωλοὶ (hamartoloy), which are both adjectives. πονηροὶ (poneroy) means pertaining to being morally or socially worthless, wicked, evil, bad, base, worthless, vicious, degenerate, wicked or evil-intentioned person, evildoer and ἁμαρτωλοὶ (hamartoloy) means pertaining to behavior or activity that does not measure up to standard moral or cultic expectations, sinful.

… this is what we learn about Sodom, the first time we really learn anything about Sodom in the Bible. the men are basically called ‘violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful.’

… do you get the picture? these are people that the God of the Bible absolutely does NOT approve of and it has NOTHING to do with homosexuality.

.. the next time we hear of Sodom, a bunch of kings in the area went to war. the king of Sodom and the other kings in his alliance got beat and when they ran off, as they say, ‘to the victor goes the spoils’, so the winner, the king of Elam, took all their possessions, including women, children, slaves, civilians, including Abraham’s nephew Lot and all of his stuff.

So the enemy took all the possessions of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their provisions, and went their way.

Genesis 14:11

.. when Abraham heard about it, he got mad and he took an army out to fight the king of Elam, and then he took the stuff back. on his way to take the king of Sodom and allies their stuff, he gets stopped by the king of Salem, Melchizedek, a “priest of God most high,” who blesses Abraham. in response, Abraham gives 10% of his spoils to Melchizedek and they celebrate a covenant meal of bread and wine (the first communion?)

.. then, in the 18th Chapter of Genesis, we read a story about 3 men that appear in front of Abraham. Abraham goes above and beyond to show these 3 strangers hospitality. he practically begs them to stay and have a rest and some food. we are told that Abraham actually goes out and kills a calf and has someone cook it up.

.. just think about that for a minute. if you have ever done any cooking, you know that the preparation described in the Bible must have taken at least a couple of hours. imagine meeting someone who stops you asking for directions and you inviting them in for a home cooked pot roast with all the trimings. fresh bread, roast veggies – you get the picture. that is pretty much what happened, but with 3 people – strangers, foreigners, immigrants, refugees -who were passing through.

.. after the meal they got up and asked for directions to Sodom. then we read an interesting passage.

The Lord said, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do, seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham what he has promised him.”

Genesis 18:17–19

.. so then we find out why the 3 men were going to Sodom.

God continued, “The cries of the victims in Sodom and Gomorrah are deafening; the sin of those cities is immense. I’m going down to see for myself, see if what they’re doing is as bad as it sounds. Then I’ll know.”

Genesis 18:20–21

.. notice “the cries of the victims in Sodom.” what are they victims of? they are victims of the violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men of Sodom, the Sodomites. there are victims. these are crimes against humanity. the kind of people who would take a child from a strangers, foreigners, immigrants, refugees – when they come looking for help, and then arresting the parents and little children an put them into cages. you know, sodomites …

.. then Abraham barters with God over destroying Sodom, ‘if there are 50 righteous, just, honest and true people in Sodom, would you still destroy it? how about 45, 40,30,20,10? we are told the LORD agrees and promises not to destroy Sodom if He can find 10 righteous people in the city.

.. so we then learn that 2 angels are sent to Sodom to see if they can find “10 righteous, just, honest and true” people in the whole city. Lot is hanging out by the city gate when they come to town in the evening and begs them to come and spend the night in his house. they said that they were going to spend the night in town, and Lot begs harder to please stay under the safety of his roof for the evening. so later that night, when the men of Sodom, the Sodomites heard that Lot had visitors – strangers, foreigners, immigrants, refugees – staying with him, the men of Sodom banged on the Lot’s door, telling him, an outsider, to send out the men so they could rape them.

.. as anyone who has ever been to prison will tell you, rape has nothing to do with sexual desire – it is an act of evil violence against another human. it is a way of exerting power and acting powerful in a violent way- meant to emasculate and demean and do extreme harm to another human being.

.. to protect the men that Lot has promised safety under his roof, to keep his word to the strangers, foreigners, immigrants, refugees, Lot offers his two virgin daughters to the men, but “sex” was not what they really wanted – they just were violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men.

.. the men of Sodom, the Sodomites, were so mad at Lot, they were going to take him in the street and beat him up, because that is what violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men do. they rape, pillage and steal – take what they want from whomever they want, they fear no man or God and they don’t feel they have to answer to anyone.

.. when the 2 angels saved him and then told him this;

Meanwhile, the angels questioned Lot. “Do you have any other relatives here in the city?” they asked. “Get them out of this place—your sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or anyone else. For we are about to destroy this city completely. The outcry against this place is so great it has reached the Lord, and he has sent us to destroy it.”

Genesis 19:12–13

.. and then, a few verses later we read,

Then the Lord made burning sulfur and fire rain out of heaven on Sodom and Gomorrah. He destroyed those cities, the whole plain, all who lived in the cities, and whatever grew on the ground.

Genesis 19:24–25

.. the word Sodom is used 48 times in the Bible. 9 times in the New Testament, the other 39 times in the Old Testament, and every verse after the destruction of Sodom, around the year 1900 BC/BCE, refers to either the violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men of Sodom, the sodomites; or the destruction of the entire city because of the violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men of Sodom, the sodomites.

… around the year 592 BC/BCE, more than 1,300 years after the destruction of Sodom, a prophet called Ezekiel is called to warn the ancient nation of Israel of the impending doom, saying that they are worse than Sodom. he then gives us more information on what Sodom had done wrong, the sins of Sodom that caused the LORD so much anger that He destroyed it.

This is what your sister Sodom has done wrong. She and her daughters were proud that they had plenty of food and had peace and security. They didn’t help the poor and the needy. They were arrogant and did disgusting things in front of me. So I did away with them when I saw this.

Ezekiel 16:49–50

… 5 of the 9 times Sodom is called out in the New Testament is by Jesus, the Man called Christ, around the year 30 CE/AD. He says things like;

“And you people of Capernaum,
will you be honored in heaven?
No, you will go down to the place of the dead.
For if the miracles I did for you had been done
in wicked Sodom, it would still be here today.
I tell you, even Sodom will be better off

on judgment day than you.”

Matthew 11:23–24, NLT

.. He is echoing the words of the Prophet Ezekiel in saying that they were worse than Sodom.

.. now we fast forward to the year 386 AD/CE to a man called Augustine. Augustine “converts” to Christianity when he was 32 yrs old. he was a “Christian Theologian” who became the bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa. he is the guy who coined the phrase, “just war”. Jesus taught His followers to love their enemies and to bless them and pray for them, but by 386 AD/CE some in the “church” were saying we can kill “when authorized by a legitimate authority.”

.. Augustine believed that sex before the fall of Adam and Eve was a passionless affair but after the fall, and because of it, sexual passion enters in, and therefore intercourse even after marriage for the sole purpose of procreation, was basically evil.

.. and it was in book 16 of De ciuitate Dei (The City of God), composed in 420 CE/AD that Augustine states the reason he believes that God punished the citizens of Sodom; because of their sin, identified as “illicit sexual intercourse with men” (stupra in masculos).

.. this became a major shift in what a sodomite was. he completely changed the meaning of a word that had been used for around 2,330 years and conveys the acts of the violently; morally worthless, wicked, evil, vicious, degenerate and, sinful men of Sodom, the sodomites into “illicit sexual intercourse with men” because of one recorded attempted rape.

.. fast forward again to around the year 1259 CE/AD to a man called Thomas Aquinas, a “philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism which dominated medieval academics. in his Summa Contra Gentiles Thomas Aquinas ranked sodomy as the worst crime second only to murder itself, because it essentially amounted to wanton destruction of a potential person.  as the only proper place for the male seed is the female womb, those who masturbate, engage in oral sex, and even those who use contraceptives are all sodomites.

.. and now, in 2019, there are many different interpretation of the word sodomite, none of which has anything to do with what the word meant for the first 2,300+ years. in the USA®, in some states, state law says that sodomy is any form of anal or oral sex – male/male, male/female, female/female, husband/wife – doesn’t matter, you are a sodomite under state sodomy laws. other state laws only apply to male/male relations

.. in the mean time, the people who make these laws completely ignore the scriptures they claim gives them the authority to make these laws. what about;

There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”

Exodus 12:49

“Never mistreat a foreigner living in your land. Foreigners living among you will be like your own people. Love them as you love yourself, because you were foreigners living in Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Leviticus 19:33–34

There is one law for the whole assembly: for you and foreigners who are living with you. It is a permanent law for future generations. As far as the Lord is concerned, you and foreigners are the same. The instructions and rules are the same for you as well as foreigners who are living with you.”

Numbers 15:15–16

“If your brother becomes poor and cannot maintain himself with you, you shall support him as though he were a stranger and a sojourner, and he shall live with you. Take no interest from him or profit, but fear your God, that your brother may live beside you. You shall not lend him your money at interest, nor give him your food for profit. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God.

Leviticus 25:35–38

.. and ..

For there will never cease to be poor in the land. Therefore I command you, ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor, in your land.’

Deuteronomy 15:11

… can you tell the difference between what the Bible says, and what a large number of people who claim to follow it believe?

… i am just over a half century old, and i never ever in a million years thought i would ever see and hear people who claim to represent the “church”, stand in support of the evil that sits in the highest office in this land, and the evil taking place on the border of this nation, the one they claim is “One Nation Under God.”

.. the man in the White House, THE representative of this country to the entire world, 22 different women have accused the man of sexual assault, including rape.

22

.. the man is an arrogant billionaire who is working tirelessly to make the lives of the poor and needy a living hell. isn’t he a perfect example of the king of Sodom, a sodomite through and through?

.. as i am writing this, the radio is telling the story of the 6th immigrant seeking asylum to die in the last 6 mths.

.. in the USA ® there are > 600 billionaires and 11,000,000 millionaires in a land with a median income of $60,336 a year, with only 39% of the population, > 127,600,000 people who cannot afford a $1,000 emergency and the king of Sodom wants to spend $70,000,000,000 to build a wall to keep the poor out ..

.. and quietly i read;

Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you take part in her sins, lest you share in her plagues; for her sins are heaped high as heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. Pay her back as she herself has paid back others, and repay her double for her deeds; mix a double portion for her in the cup she mixed. As she glorified herself and lived in luxury, so give her a like measure of torment and mourning, since in her heart she says, ‘I sit as a queen, I am no widow, and mourning I shall never see.’ For this reason her plagues will come in a single day, death and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for mighty is the Lord God who has judged her.”

(Revelation 18:4–8, ESV)

… the elderly in ameriKKKa …

“…the moral test of government is how that government treats those who are in the dawn of life, the children; those who are in the twilight of life, the elderly; those who are in the shadows of life; the sick, the needy and the handicapped. ” ~ Last Speech of Hubert H. Humphrey

 

… seek justice …

Justice is blind. – iustitia caeca est.

… towards the end of the 15th century, “justice” has been portrayed as ‘blind,’ but is it?  was it ever?  what does “justice is blind” even mean?

… according to Webster’s Dictionary;  justice* means “the maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments” and just** means “what is morally upright and good.”  now that “maintenance” and “administration” is primarily, in the world we live in, conducted through courts of law and wars, administered by lawyers, judges, politicians, police and military personnel.  the determination of what is “just” has been primarily regulated to our governments who make laws based on what they view as justice.

… this legal system determines a just, proper, fitting reward or punishment based on adherence to these laws.

… the state wants to be worshiped.  it want you to believe that “they” are who is responsible for justice, the final authority over “what is morally upright and good” in a society.  they build armies and police forces to enforce their ideas of ‘what is morally upright and good.’

When you spread out your hands, I will hide my eyes from you;
even though you make many prayers, I will not listen;
your hands are full of blood. Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean;
remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes;
cease to do evil, learn to do good;
seek justice, correct oppression;
bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow’s cause.
“Come now, let us reason together, says the
Lord: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool. If you are willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land; but if you refuse and rebel, you shall be eaten by the sword; for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”” Isaiah 1:15–20, ESV

… we live in a world where >21,000 children starve to death DAILY ..  where billionaires spend $61,000,000 to launch their $250,000 cars into space just for fun…

.. justice .. the quality of being just, impartial, or fair..

… is there any justice left on the planet Earth?

… until the smallest child born into slavery in every country is set free,
there is no justice …

Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.’” Matthew 25:34–36, ESV


Poverty – Jason Upton

There’s a power in poverty that breaks principalities
And brings the authority’s down to their knees
There’s a brewing frustration and ageless temptation
To fight for control by some manipulation

But the God of the kingdoms and the God of the Nations
The God of creation sends his revelation
Thru the homeless and penniless Jesus the son
The poor will inherit the Kingdom to come

Where will we turn when our world falls apart
And all of the treasures we’ve stored in our barns
Can’t buy the Kingdom of God?

Who will we praise when we’ve praised all our lives
men who build Kingdoms and men who build fame
What will we fear when all that remains
Is God on His throne, with a child in his arms,
and love in his eyes
And the sound of his heart cries.

*jus•tice \ˈjəs-təs\ noun
[Middle English, from Anglo-French justise, from Latin justitia, from justus] 12th century
1      a: the maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments
b: JUDGE
c: the administration of law especially: the establishment or determination of rights according to the rules of law or equity
2      a: the quality of being just, impartial, or fair
b      (1): the principle or ideal of just dealing or right action
(2): conformity to this principle or ideal: RIGHTEOUSNESS
c: the quality of conforming to law
3:      conformity to truth, fact, or reason: CORRECTNESS

**just \ˈjəst\ adjective
[Middle English, from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French juste, from Latin justus, from jus right, law; akin to Sanskrit yos welfare] 14th century
1      a: having a basis in or conforming to fact or reason: REASONABLE 〈a just but not a generous decision〉
b archaic: faithful to an original
c: conforming to a standard of correctness: PROPER 〈just proportions〉
2      a      (1): acting or being in conformity with what is morally upright or good: RIGHTEOUS 〈a just war〉
(2): being what is merited: DESERVED 〈a just punishment〉
b: legally correct: LAWFUL 〈just title to an estate〉 synonym see FAIR, UPRIGHT—just•ly adverb—just•ness \ˈjəs(t)-nəs\ noun

Inc Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2003).

… how long oh LORD?…

When Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a hill and sat down. His followers came to him, and he began to teach them, saying:
“They are blessed who realize their spiritual poverty,
for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them.
They are blessed who grieve,
for God will comfort them.
They are blessed who are humble,
for the whole earth will be theirs.
They are blessed who hunger and thirst after justice,
for they will be satisfied.
They are blessed who show mercy to others,
for God will show mercy to them.
They are blessed whose thoughts are pure,
for they will see God.
They are blessed who work for peace,
for they will be called God’s children.
They are blessed who are persecuted for doing good,
for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them.
“People will insult you and hurt you. They will lie and say all kinds of evil things about you because you follow me. But when they do, you will be blessed. Rejoice and be glad, because you have a great reward waiting for you in heaven. People did the same evil things to the prophets who lived before you.

(Matthew 5:1–12, NCV)

θλῖψις μεγάλη …
great affliction … great tribulation..

“ἔσονται γὰρ αἱ ἡμέραι ἐκεῖναι θλῖψις οἵα οὐ γέγονεν τοιαύτη ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς κτίσεως ἣν ἔκτισεν ὁ θεὸς ἕως τοῦ νῦν καὶ οὐ μὴ γένηται.” (Mark 13:19, SBLGNT)

“For in those days there will be such tribulation as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and never will be.” (Mark 13:19, ESV)


“καὶ κατὰ τὴν ὥραν ἐκείνην παρελεύσεται Μιχαηλ ὁ ἄγγελος ὁ μέγας ὁ ἑστηκὼς ἐπὶ τοὺςυἱοὺς τοῦ λαοῦ σου, ἐκείνηἡ ἡμέρα θλίψεως, οἵα οὐκ ἐγενήθη ἀφʼ οὗ ἐγενήθησαν ἕως τῆς ἡμέρας ἐκείνης, καὶ ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ὑψωθήσεται πᾶς ὁ λαός, ὃς ἂνεὑρεθῇ ἐγγεγραμμένος ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ.”(Daniel 12:1, LLXXI)

“And at that time Michael the great prince shall stand up, that stands over the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of tribulation, such tribulation as has not been from the time that there was a nation on the earth until that time: at that time thy people shall be delivered, even every one that is written in the book.” (Daniel 12:1, Brenton LXX En)


“ἔσται γὰρ τότε θλῖψις μεγάλη οἵα οὐ γέγονεν ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς κόσμου ἕως τοῦ νῦν οὐδʼ οὐ μὴ γένηται.” (Matthew 24:21, SBLGNT)

“For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be.” (Matthew 24:21, ESV)


“καὶ ζητήσετε ἐκεῖ Κύριον τὸν θεὸν ἡμῶν, καὶ εὑρήσετε, ὅταν ἐκζητήσητε αὐτὸν ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας σου καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου ἐν τῇ θλίψει σου· (Deuteronomy 4:29, Lexham LXX Int Swete)

“But from there you will seek the Lord your God and you will find him, if you search after him with all your heart and with all your soul. When you are in tribulation, and all these things come upon you in the latter days, you will return to the Lord your God and obey his voice. For the Lord your God is a merciful God. He will not leave you or destroy you or forget the covenant with your fathers that he swore to them.” (Deuteronomy 4:29–31, ESV)


“καὶ εἴρηκα αὐτῷ· Κύριέ μου, σὺ οἶδας. καὶ εἶπέν μοι· Οὗτοί εἰσιν οἱ ἐρχόμενοι ἐκ τῆς θλίψεως τῆς μεγάλης, καὶ ἔπλυναν τὰς στολὰς αὐτῶν καὶ ἐλεύκαναν αὐτὰς ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ ἀρνίου.” (Revelation 7:14, SBLGNT)

“I said to him, “Sir, you know.” And he said to me, “These are the ones coming out of the great tribulation. They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” (Revelation 7:14, ESV)


“καὶ ἐγένετο θλῖψις μεγάλη ἐν τῷ Ισραηλ, ἥτις οὐκ ἐγένετο ἀφʼ ἧς ἡμέρας οὐκ ὤφθη προφήτης αὐτοῖς.” (1 Maccabees 9:27, LLXXI)

“So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.” (1 Maccabees 9:27, Brenton LXX En)


“ταῦτα λελάληκα ὑμῖν ἵνα ἐν ἐμοὶ εἰρήνην ἔχητε· ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ θλῖψιν ἔχετε, ἀλλὰ θαρσεῖτε, ἐγὼ νενίκηκα τὸν κόσμον.” (John 16:33, SBLGNT)

“I have said these things to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world.”” (John 16:33, ESV)


θλῖψις, εως, (s. θλίβω; on the accent s. B-D-F §13; W-S. §6, 3c; Mlt-H. 57.—KLipsius, Grammat. Untersuchungen über d. bibl. Gräz. 1863, 34f, prefers to write θλίψις; so also W-H.) rare in extra-Biblical Gk., and there lit., ‘pressing, pressure’ (Aristot., Meterol. 4, 4, 383a, 13; Epicurus p. 45, 9 Us.; Ps.-Aristot., De Mundo 4, 394a, 29; Strabo, Galen).

① in our lit. (as in LXX, En, Test12Patr, JosAs cod. A; Just., D. 116, 2; Mel.) freq. and in the metaph. sense trouble that inflicts distress, oppression, affliction, tribulation (so Vett. Val. 71, 16; Cat. Cod. Astr. VIII/3 p. 175, 5; 178, 8; pl. 169, 2 [s. Boll 134f]; OGI 444, 15 [II or I b.c.] διὰ τὰς τ. πόλεων θλίψεις; BGU 1139, 4 [I b.c.]; POxy 939, 13; PAmh 144, 18). Of distress that is brought about by outward circumstances (Jos., Ant. 4, 108; En, PsSol, Mel.; Did., Gen. 116, 10), in sg. and pl. Ac 11:19; Ro 5:3b; 12:12; 2 Cor 1:8; 6:4; 8:2; Rv 1:9; 2:9, 22; 1 Cl 22:7 (Ps 33:18); 59:4; 2 Cl 11:4 (quot. of unknown orig.); Hs 7:4ff. ἐπὶ πάσῃ τῇ θ. ἡμῶν 2 Cor 1:4a; 7:4; 1 Th 3:7; ἐν πάσῃ θ. (TestGad 4:4) 2 Cor 1:4b; ἐν (τ.) θ. Ro 5:3a; Eph 3:13; 1 Th 1:6; 3:3. ἐν πολλαῖς θ. καὶ ποικίλαις Hs 7, 4. θ. μεγάλη great tribulation (SibOr 3, 186) Mt 24:21 (1 Macc 9:27); Ac 7:11; Hv 4, 2, 4. Plural Hv 3, 2, 1. ἡ θ. ἡ μεγάλη the great tribulation Rv 7:14; τὸ ἐλαφρὸν τῆς θ. slight affliction 2 Cor 4:17. ἀνταποδοῦναί τινι θλῖψιν repay someone w. affliction 2 Th 1:6. W. ἀνάγκη (q.v. 2) 1 Th 3:7. W. διωγμός Mt 13:21; Mk 4:17; Ac 8:1 D; 13:50 D; pl. 2 Th 1:4. W. δεσμά (TestJos 2:4) Ac 20:23. W. ὀνειδισμός Hb 10:33. W. στενοχωρία (q.v.) Ro 2:9. W. στενοχωρία and διωγμός 8:35 (w. λιμός and στενοχωρία Hippol., Ref. 5, 26, 12).—On the catalogue of hardships (peristasis) cp. 1 Cor 4:9–13; 2 Cor 4:8f; 6:4–10; 11:23–28; 12:10; Phil 4:11; s. FDanker, Augsburg Comm. 2 Cor ’89, 89–91; 180f; idem, The Endangered Benefactor in Luke-Acts: SBLSP ’81, 39–48; JFitzgerald, Cracks in an Earthen Vessel ’88; MFerrari, Die Sprache des Leids in den paulinischen Persistasen-katalogen ’91; MEbner, Leidenslisten u. Apostelbrief ’91.—ἡμέρα θλίψεως day of affliction (Gen 35:3; 2 Km 22:19; cp. En 103:9; TestLevi 5:5) 1 Cl 52:3 (Ps 49:15).—Of the tribulations of the last days (as Da 12:1) Mt 24:21, 29; Mk 13:19, 24. ἡ θ. ἡ ἐρχομένη ἡ μεγάλη the great tribulation to come Hv 2, 2, 7; cp. 2, 3, 4; 4, 1, 1; 4, 2, 5; 4, 3, 6.—Distress caused by war 1 Cl 57:4 (Pr 1:27). θ. θανάτου affliction of death B 12:5. Difficult circumstances 2 Cor 8:13; Js 1:27; συγκοινωνεῖν τῇ θ. show an interest in (someone’s) distress Phil 4:14. Of a woman’s birth-pangs J 16:21.—ὅταν γένηται θ. when persecution comes Hv 3, 6, 5. θλῖψιν ἀκούειν hear of persecution Hs 9, 21, 3. θλῖψιν ἔχειν J 16:33; 1 Cor 7:28; Rv 2:10; Hv 2, 3, 1; Hs 7:3. ἐὰν ὑπενέγκῃ τὰς θλίψεις τὰς ἐπερχομένας αὐτῷ Hs 7:4; cp. 7:6. ἐξείλατο αὐτὸν ἐκ πασῶν τῶν θλίψεων αὐτοῦ Ac 7:10. διὰ πολλῶν θ. εἰσελθεῖν εἰς τ. βασιλείαν 14:22. τότε παραδώσουσιν ὑμᾶς εἰς θλῖψιν Mt 24:9; cp. B 12:5. ἀποστήσεται πᾶσα θ. ἀπὸ σοῦ … ἀπὸ πάντων ἀποστήσεται ἡ θ. Hs 7, 7.—Of the sufferings of Christ θλίψεις τοῦ Χριστοῦ Col 1:24 (s. on ἀνταναπληρόω and πάθημα 1).

inward experience of distress, affliction, trouble (Gen 35:3; 42:21 θ. τῆς ψυχῆς) θ. καὶ συνοχὴ καρδίας trouble and anguish of heart 2 Cor 2:4. θλῖψιν ἐγείρειν τοῖς δεσμοῖς μου cause trouble for me in my imprisonment Phil 1:17. Ἅννα … περιείλατο πᾶσαν θλῖψιν ἀπʼ αὐτῆς GJs 2:4 (cod. A, not pap; s. περιαιρέω 1).—DELG s.v. θλίβω. M-M. TW.

 

B-D-F B-D-F = FBlass, ADebrunner, RFunk, A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature—List 6

W-S. W-S. = GWiner, Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Sprachidioms, ed. PSchmiedel—List 6

Mlt-H. Mlt-H. = JMoulton/WHoward, A Grammar of NT Greek II: Accidence and Word-formation—List 6

W-H. W-H. = BWestcott/FHort—List 1, beg.

Gk. Gk. = Greek

lit. lit. = literal(ly); literature (refererences to [scholarly] literature)

Aristot Aristot , various works, IV b.c.—List 5

Epicurus Epicurus , IV–III b.c.—List 5

Ps.-Aristot Ps.-Aristot , s. Aristot.—List 5

Strabo Strabo , I b.c.–I a.d.—List 5

Galen Galen , II a.d.—List 5

lit. lit. = literal(ly); literature (refererences to [scholarly] literature)

LXX LXX = Septuaginta, ed. ARahlfs, unless otherwise specified—Lists 2, beg.

En En = I Enoch—List 2

Test12Patr Test12Patr = Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, with interpolations II b.c.–III a.d.—List 2

JosAs JosAs = Joseph and Aseneth—Lists 2, 5

Just. Just(in) , II a.d.—List 5

D D = Didache, except that in a list of manuscripts or as textual variant D refers to Codex Bezae—List 1

Mel. Mel. = Melito of Sardis, II a.d.—List 5

freq. freq. = frequent(ly)

metaph. metaph. = metaphor(ically)

  1. pl. = plural

Boll Boll = FB., Aus der Offenb. Johannis—List 6

OGI OGI = Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones Selectae—List 3

BGU BGU = Aegyptische Urkunden aus den Museen zu Berlin: Griechische Urkunden—List 4

POxy POxy = Oxyrhynchus Papyri—List 4

PAmh PAmh = The Amherst Papyri I–II—List 4

Jos. Jos. = Josephus. This abbr. used when follow by title; I a.d.—Lists 5

En En = I Enoch—List 2

Mel. Mel. = Melito of Sardis, II a.d.—List 5

Did. Did. = Didymus Caecus (the Blind), commentator on OT books, IV a.d.—List 5

  1. sg. = singular
  2. pl. = plural

1 Cl 1 Cl = 1 Clement—List 1

2 Cl 2 Cl = 2 Clement—List 1

quot. quot. = quotation

orig. orig. = original(ly)

Hs Hs = Similitudes

TestGad TestGad = Testament of Gad, s. Test12Patr—List 2

Hs Hs = Similitudes

SibOr SibOr = Oracula Sibyllina, II–III a.d.—List 5

Hv Hv = Visions

Hv Hv = Visions

  1. w. = with

q.v. q.v. = quod vide (which see, see that which has just been mentioned)

D D = Didache, except that in a list of manuscripts or as textual variant D refers to Codex Bezae—List 1

D D = Didache, except that in a list of manuscripts or as textual variant D refers to Codex Bezae—List 1

  1. pl. = plural

TestJos TestJos = Testament of Joseph, s. Test12Patr—List 2

q.v. q.v. = quod vide (which see, see that which has just been mentioned)

  1. w. = with

Hippol Hippol , II–III a.d.—List 5

  1. cp. = compare, freq. in ref. to citation fr. ancient texts

idem idem = the same (in ref. to the person just mentioned)

SBLSP SBLSP = Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers—List 6

  1. cp. = compare, freq. in ref. to citation fr. ancient texts

En En = I Enoch—List 2

TestLevi TestLevi = Testament of Levi, s. Test12Patr—List 2

1 Cl 1 Cl = 1 Clement—List 1

Hv Hv = Visions

  1. cp. = compare, freq. in ref. to citation fr. ancient texts

1 Cl 1 Cl = 1 Clement—List 1

B B = Barnabas (the Letter of), II a.d., except in series of uncial witnesses, in which case B refers to Codex Vaticanus (s. also Vat.). When the abbrv. B would ambiguous, Vat. is used for the codex.—List 1

Hv Hv = Visions

Hs Hs = Similitudes

Hv Hv = Visions

Hs Hs = Similitudes

Hs Hs = Similitudes

  1. cp. = compare, freq. in ref. to citation fr. ancient texts
  2. cp. = compare, freq. in ref. to citation fr. ancient texts

B B = Barnabas (the Letter of), II a.d., except in series of uncial witnesses, in which case B refers to Codex Vaticanus (s. also Vat.). When the abbrv. B would ambiguous, Vat. is used for the codex.—List 1

Hs Hs = Similitudes

GJs GJs = Gospel of James (Protevangelium Jacobi), II a.d.—List 1

pap pap = papyrus, -yri

DELG DELG = PChantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque—List 6

s.v. s.v. = sub voce (under the word, look up the word)

M-M M-M = JMoulton/GMilligan, Vocabulary of Greek Testament—Lists 4, 6

TW TW = Theologisches Wörterbuch zum NT; tr. GBromiley, Theological Dictionary of the NT—List 6

 

#MeTooMen #ChurchToo

… on my Twitter feed the other day, there were many stories about a ‘pastor’ of a mega-church, Highpoint Church in Memphis, TN, who confessed to a ‘sexual incident’ that involved a teenager that he abused when he was a youth pastor many years ago.  the girl was 17 yrs old at the time.

… as i am very concerned for the condition of the universal church and body of Christ, i was curious to find out what this particular ‘church’ was saying.  i looked up their Facebook account and started reading the feeds.

… what i read shocked me.

…  people were writing that they were driving hours and hours to come to this weeks service in support of Andy, the man who admitted that he had sexually assaulted a 17 yr old girl 20 yrs earlier.

.. i read comments like; “she’s lying, Andy is a good guy.” and “she’s just looking for attention.”

.. i responded that maybe she was looking for the attention she should have received when she was abused 20 years ago.  and i posted a scripture.

Woe to them that call evil good, and good evil; who make darkness light, and light darkness; who make bitter sweet, and sweet bitter. Woe to them that are wise in their own conceit, and knowing in their own sight.
Isaiah 5:20–21

… when i went back i found that they had blocked me.  i find it interesting that the church would block me for posting words from the Bible that they claim they follow, but it is not the first time, and i doubt it will be the last.

… the thing is …

“i believe her.”

… and why shouldn’t i?  Mr. Andy only gave a public apology in front of the ”whole’ church’ AFTER she had made a public post as part of the #MeToo movement against the sexual abuse by people in power.  it was only AFTER Mr. Andy had posted on his social media in support of Matt Lauer, another sexual abusing man who also said he was sorry, (but i didn’t do that).

… and you see, i am a 52 yr old man, and i have a story from when i was a 15 yr old freshman in high school myself.  i already hear the screams ‘get over it.’ and i have, but just because 37 years have gone by, doesn’t mean i have forgotten, or that it hasn’t played an effect on different decisions i have made throughout my entire life..

… in 1979 i was a freshman in high school, attending a private boarding school called St. Paul’s College High, in Concordia, MO.  when i was in 7th grade, i had an encounter with the LORD that dramatically changed the course of my life.  i was only 12, but i was happy and content, and i loved people.  i spent a lot of my spare time reading my Bible, and although my mother and step father took us to our Missouri Synod Lutheran Church every Sunday, they weren’t happy with my new found happiness. 🙂

… so they took me to our pastor so that he would straighten me out.  the pastor had suggested that i was called into the ministry, and he suggested that i look into this High School that also had a two year College on the same campus whose entire focus was pre-ministerial.

… due to a law suit where my father didn’t pay my mother any child support for like 7 years, he agreed to pay for my 4 years of private boarding school education and she agreed to not pursue the entire debt.  i enrolled and started classes – wonderful classes in Old Testament studies, Greek studies, Hebrew studies, New Testament, Geometry,  – anyways, i though i was close to heaven.  remember, i’m just 15 at the time.

… i found out that the majority of High School students were rich kids who were trouble makers, whose parents sent them to this school so that the school would deal with them.  the High School was supposed to be geared towards the ministry, but it seemed that only the college students were actually serious about the things of God.

… there were some extra-curricular activities of praise and worship, Bible studies, etc. that some of the college students were leading and i and one other HS student got permission to hang out with the college group.  the college group had plans to travel to Chicago, IL around Christmas time and attend a conference called Evangelism Explosion.  we were going to spend a day of ‘door to door’ evangelism, and spend some time at O’Hare International Airport, busiest in the world at that time, doing ‘evangelism.’

… the plan was that the students would all break up into two’s and be assigned to different host houses from the church we would be visiting for the seminars.  me being the youngest person in the group (5 years younger than most) i was assigned to a big house that had enough room to house 4 people, 2 rooms with bunk-beds.  and it just so happened that i was assigned with the 3 male college sophomore leaders of the entire group from St. Paul’s.

… when we broke into rooms, i was in a room with the assistant to the assistant.  he took the bottom bunk and we went to bed.  as i remember it was cold, it was Chicago in December, and he asked me if i wanted to get into bed with him as we could stay warmer.  my 15 year old self thought this college man made sense so i did.  today, in 2018, it sounds absolutely ridiculous, but back in 1979 Mid-Western America, to even consider that something was wrong – was just wrong.

… i’m not going to go into details, but lets just say that after numerous attempts to say no (not verbally as i recall, just no consent) i ended up doing things i did not want to, and when he went to the restroom to clean himself up, i got dressed and ran to the room of the two head leaders and told them what had happened.

… they told me i was wrong, that the guy who just abused me was engaged to be married, and i must have misunderstood the whole thing.  they sent me back to the room, where i got back into the top bunk and waited for my abuser to come back to the room.

… of course i’ve never mentioned this before.  why would i?  but 37 years later, i can think of thousands of things in my life that were forever changed on that night, mostly because people with authority over me, abused me twice.  once physically, the second time mentally – by victim blaming.  the shame, “how dare you say something so evil against such a good person!”

… and so i will loudly now say, that

I believe Jules Woodson. STOP the victim blaming.  SHAME on you who call yourself the Church of Jesus the Man called Christ.

Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, while evil people and impostors will go on from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.
2 Timothy 3:12–13

… what if we applied the “golden rule” to abortion?

… on a post on Twitter the other day, a man who claims to follow the Man Who was called “The Prince of Peace”, “The Lamb of God”, “The Bread of Life”, “The Living Water”, “The Chosen Servant”,

“The Christ”

.. was posting some things that i found extremely foul and abusive.  intermixed in his foul comments were praises of adoration for President Donald J. Trump.

.. when i told this gentleman that

you can’t serve The Christ and Trump,

he slapped me with THE whopper of all whoppers …

“I suppose you voted for Abortion?
What’s God say that He hates?”

… and i think of “the golden rule.”

… this was the primary lesson of the Man called Christ.  it is recorded in the Book of Matthew, that He said;  “So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” (Matthew 7:12)

… this is recorded in two of the books of the New Testament as being taught by Jesus to the people who had gathered to hear him teach and has been taught as a central and core doctrine of every Christian Church since the beginnings of what was first called ‘the church’ in the English translation of the book of Matthew, where Jesus said;

If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.” (Matthew 18:15–17)

… and then i think about ‘abortion.’

… i think about the woman who must consider this option.  i can’t think of a single circumstance that would be anything but at the least scary to consider going through an embarrassing and sometimes quite painful operation as a remedy.

… in the case of something as horrific as a rape, i could not imagine being forced to live with the memory of the pain every day for nine months, if i did not want to.

… every day a reminder that the horrific violence perpetrated against me was actually growing inside me.

… don’t get me wrong.  i support anyone who would also want the keep the product of this evil event, but i am truly thankful that i will never have to face that.

… i am a man.

… and i am a follower of the Man Who was called the humble servant, Who was recorded as saying,

And he sat down and called the twelve. And he said to them, “If anyone would be first, he must be last of all and servant of all.” And he took a child and put him in the midst of them, and taking him in his arms, he said to them, “Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me, receives not me but him who sent me.” (Mark 9:35–37)

… and i can hardly believe the deception of these days …

The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false, in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.” (2 Thessalonians 2:9–12)

.. googling Global Thermonuclear War…

SHALL WE PLAY A GAME?

… 34 years ago, in 1983, a movie came out starring Matthew Broderick, Dabney Coleman, John Wood, and Ally Sheedy, called Wargames about a young computer hacker named David Lightman (Broderick) who wants to hack into a video game manufacturers computer to play a video game before it is released to the public.  using an old-style acoustic coupler modem to access the internet, young David finds a computer hooked to the internet in Sunnyvale, California which seems to have some games in it that he wants to play.  he finds out that the computer he hacks into is actually the WOPR (War Operation Plan Response), a United States military supercomputer originally programmed to predict possible outcomes of nuclear war.

… i was a senior in High School then and many, many things have changed since that time.  at that time the governments of the Eastern Bloc and the governments of the Western Bloc were in a state of geopolitical tension called the Cold War. even though we had ‘duck and cover nuclear bomb drills‘ in school, we felt relatively secure because of the doctrine of mutually assured destruction – basically, ‘if you throw bombs at me, i will throw bombs at you, and neither one of us will survive.’

Stephen Falken: The whole point was to find a way to practice nuclear war without destroying ourselves. To get the computers to learn from mistakes we couldn’t afford to make. Except, I never could get Joshua to learn the most important lesson.
David Lightman: What’s that?
Stephen Falken: Futility. That there’s a time when you should just give up.
Jennifer: What kind of a lesson is that?
Stephen Falken: Did you ever play tic-tac-toe?
Jennifer: Yeah, of course.
Stephen Falken: But you don’t anymore.
Jennifer: No.
Stephen Falken: Why?
Jennifer: Because it’s a boring game. It’s always a tie.
Stephen Falken: Exactly. There’s no way to win. The game itself is pointless! But back at the war room, they believe you can win a nuclear war. That there can be “acceptable losses.”

… we started the drills after this country dropped atomic bombs on Japan, ending World War II where this country killed 90,000146,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000–80,000 in Nagasaki.  we were taught that as long as we were the only country evil enough to drop an atomic bomb, then the world would stay relatively secure from the threat of nuclear annihilation.

… the Cold War ended in 1991 with the fall of the Soviet Union.

… the recent news has caused me to Google things i would prefer not to.  things like;

  • how many nuclear weapons does North Korea have?
  • how many nuclear weapons does Russia have?
  • what is global thermonuclear war?
  • what is a tomahawk missile?
  • how many tomahawk missiles did the US drop on Syria?
  • how much stock does the US President have in the company that builds tomahawk missiles?
  • why is the US Government spending more than the next 8 nations combined on it’s military?
  • how many continents does the US have military bases on?
  • do polls in Russia really say that Russia should retaliate against the US for bombing Syria unprovoked?
  • what is a MOAB bomb, and is it really the largest weapon on the planet that is NOT a nuclear weapon?
  • was the US President really golfing when he ordered the destruction of Afghanistan with the MOAB bomb?

  • did the Vice President of the USA really go to the DMZ and threaten North Korea?
  • how long will it take for an atomic bomb to reach the US mainland once it is deployed from North Korea? Russia? China?
  • has the US really killed over 30,000,000 people on earth since WWII?
  • did the US really start wars in Iraq and Afghanistan based on lies?
  • how many did the US kill because of those lies?
  • does the US have any real friends left in the world that President Trump has not insulted or just plain pissed off?

… so many questions.  but the biggest question in my mind is;

do people in the United States of America know that their nation is the nation in the book of the Revelation of Jesus Christ that is known as Babylon and that their destruction will take place ‘in a day’ unless they ‘change their minds’?

And he called out with a mighty voice, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place for demons, a haunt for every unclean spirit, a haunt for every unclean bird, a haunt for every unclean and detestable beast. For all nations have drunk the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have grown rich from the power of her luxurious living.” Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you take part in her sins, lest you share in her plagues; for her sins are heaped high as heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. Pay her back as she herself has paid back others, and repay her double for her deeds; mix a double portion for her in the cup she mixed. As she glorified herself and lived in luxury, so give her a like measure of torment and mourning, since in her heart she says, ‘I sit as a queen, I am no widow, and mourning I shall never see.’ For this reason her plagues will come in a single day, death and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for mighty is the Lord God who has judged her.”” (Revelation 18:2–8, ESV)

“how about a nice game of chess?”

… prophets …

… i was reading in The Shepherd of Hermas, which is purported to have been written by a church leader around the year 95 AD or so.  he had some interesting things to say about prophets..
MANDATE 11

43. He showed me men seated on a bench, and another man seated on a chair. And he said to me, “Do you see those men seated on the bench?” “I see them, sir,” I replied. “These,” he said, “are faithful, but the one seated on the chair is a false prophet who destroys the mind of God’s servants; that is, he destroys the mind of the double-minded, not of believers. (2) These double-minded ones come to him as to a fortune teller, and ask him what will happen to them. And that false prophet, not having the power of a divine spirit in himself, answers them in accordance with their questions and their wicked desires, and fills their souls just as they themselves wish. (3) For since he himself is empty, he gives empty answers to empty inquirers, for no matter what is asked, he answers according to the emptiness of the man asking. But he does speak some true words, for the devil fills him with his own spirit, to see if he will be able to break down any of the righteous. (4) So, those who are strong in the faith of the Lord, having clothed themselves with the truth, do not associate with such spirits, but have nothing to do with them. But   P 407  those who are double-minded and frequently change their minds practice fortune telling like the pagans and bring greater sin upon themselves by their idolatries. For the one who consults a false prophet on any matter is an idolator and lacks the truth and is senseless. (5) For no spirit given by God needs to be consulted; instead, having the power of deity, it speaks everything on its own initiative, because it is from above, from the power of the divine Spirit. (6) But the spirit that is consulted and which answers according to the desires of the people consulting it is earthly and fickle, and has no power, and does not speak at all unless it is asked.” (7) “So how, sir,” I asked, “will a man know which of them is a prophet, and which is a false prophet?” “Hear,” he said, “about both the prophets, and on the basis of what I am going to tell you, you can test the prophet and false prophet. Determine the man who has the divine Spirit by his life. (8) In the first place the one who has the divine Spirit from above is gentle and quiet and humble, and stays away from all evil and futile desires of this age, and considers himself to be poorer than others, and gives no answer to anyone when consulted. Nor does he speak on his own (nor does the Holy Spirit speak when a man wants to speak), but he speaks when God wants him to speak. (9) So, then, when the man who has the divine Spirit comes into an assembly of righteous men who have faith in a divine Spirit, and intercession is made to God by the assembly of those men, then the angel of the prophetic spirit which is assigned to him fills the man, and being filled with the Holy Spirit the man speaks to the multitude, just as the Lord wills. (10) In this way, then, the Spirit of the Deity will be obvious. Such, therefore, is the power of discernment with respect to the divine Spirit of the Lord.”
(11) “Now hear,” he said, “about the earthly and worthless spirit, which has no power but is foolish. (12) In the first place, that man who thinks he has a spirit exalts himself and wants to have a seat of honor, and immediately is arrogant and shameless and talkative and well acquainted with many luxuries and with many other pleasures, and receive money for his prophesying, and if he does not receive money, he does not prophesy.   p 409  Now, can a divine spirit receive money and still prophesy? It is impossible for a prophet of God to do this, but the spirit of such prophets who do so is earthly. (13) Next, he never comes near an assembly of righteous men; instead he avoids them, and associates with the double-minded and the empty-headed, and prophesies to them in a corner and deceives them; everything he says is in accordance with their own desires and characterized by his own empty manner, for he is answering those who are empty. For the empty vessel placed together with other empty vessels is not broken, but they match one another. (14) But when he comes to an assembly full of righteous men who have a divine Spirit, and intercession is made by them, that man is emptied and the earthly spirit flees from him in fear, and that man is rendered speechless and is completely shattered, unable to say a thing. (15) For if you store wine or oil in a storeroom and place an empty jar in among them and then later you wish to clear out the storeroom, you will find that empty jar you placed there still empty. So it is with empty prophets; whenever they encounter the spirits of the righteous, they are found to be just as they were when they arrived. (16) You now have descriptions of the life of both kinds of prophets. Therefore test by his life and his actions the man who claims that he is spirit-inspired. (17) Put your trust in the Spirit that comes from God and has power, but do not trust in any way the earthly and empty spirit, because it has no power, for it comes from the devil. (18) Listen to the parable I am about to tell you. Take a stone and throw it toward the sky; see if you can reach it. Or, for another example, take a water pump and squirt it toward the sky; see if you can penetrate it.” (19) “How,” I asked, “can these things be, sir? For both these things you just said are impossible.” “Well then,” he said, “just as these things are impossible, so also are the earthly spirits powerless and weak. (20) Now take the power that comes from above. A hailstone is a very small pellet, but when it falls on a man’s head, what pain it causes! Or, for another example, take a drop that falls on the ground from the roofing tiles, and wears a hole in the rock. (21) You see, then, that even the smallest things from above falling on the earth have great power; so also the divine Spirit that comes from above is powerful. So put your trust in this Spirit, but have nothing to do with the other one.

Michael William Holmes, The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations, Updated ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1999).

Exported from Logos Bible Software, 6:26 AM April 01, 2017.

 

Then the Lord said, “These prophets are telling lies in my name. I did not send them or tell them to speak. I did not give them any messages. They prophesy of visions and revelations they have never seen or heard. They speak foolishness made up in their own lying hearts. Therefore, this is what the Lord says: I will punish these lying prophets, for they have spoken in my name even though I never sent them. They say that no war or famine will come, but they themselves will die by war and famine! As for the people to whom they prophesy—their bodies will be thrown out into the streets of Jerusalem, victims of famine and war. There will be no one left to bury them. Husbands, wives, sons, and daughters—all will be gone. For I will pour out their own wickedness on them.” (Jeremiah 14:14–16, NLT)